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Datasheet: 25C256 (Turbo IC, Inc.)

 

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CMOS SPI BUS
256K ELECTRICALLY ERASABLE PROGRAMMABLE ROM
32K X 8 BIT EEPROM
Turbo IC, Inc.
25C256
PRELIMINARY INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION:
The Turbo IC 25C256 is a serial 256K EEPROM fabricated
with Turbo's proprietary, high reliability, high performance
CMOS technology. It's 256K of memory is organized as
32768 x 8 bits. This device offers a flexible byte write and a
faster 64-byte page write. It also offers significant advan-
tages in low power and low VCC voltage applications.
The Turbo IC 25C256 is assembled in either a 8-pin PDIP
or 8-pin SOIC package. Pin #1 is the Chip Select (CS). Pin
#2 is the Serial Output (SO). Pin #3 is Write Protect (WP).
Pin #4 is the ground (Vss). Pin #5 is the Serial Input (SI).
Pin #6 is the serial clock (SCK). Pin #7 is the Hold Input
(HOLD)., and Pin #8 is the power supply (Vcc) pin.
The Turbo IC 25C256 uses the Serial Peripheral Interface
(SPI), allowing operation on a three-wire bus. The Turbo IC
25C256 has separate data input (SI) and data output (SO)
pins. The serial clock (SCK) pin controls the data transfer.
Access to the device is controlled through the chip select
(CS) input.
The Turbo IC 25C256 provides the block write inhibit fea-
ture where the user has the option of inhibiting writes to 3
different sizes of the memory array. A write protect (WP)
pin is provided to prevent inadvertent writes to the status
register. The Turbo 25C256 can also be put on hold during
any serial communication by asserting the hold (HOLD) pin.
FEATURES :
Extended Power Supply Voltage
Single Vcc for Read and Programming
(Vcc = 2.7V to 3.6 V) (Vcc = 4.5V to 5.5V)
Low Power (Isb = 2a @ 5.5 V)
SPI (Serial Peripheral Interface) Bus
Support Byte Write and Page Write (64 Bytes)
Automatic 64 Byte Page write Operation (max. 10 ms)
Internal Control Timer
Internal Data Latches for 64 Bytes
Hardware Data Protection by Write Protect Pin
High Reliability CMOS Technology with Self Redundant
EEPROM Cell
Endurance : 1,000,000 Cycles
Data Retention : 100 Y
ears
Support SPI Modes 0 (0,0) and 3 (1,1)
5.0 Mhz clock rate
PIN DESCRIPTION
SERIAL DATA CLOCK (SCK)
The SCK input pin controls the serial bus timing
of the data transfer that occurs on the serial in-
put pin and the serial output pin.
DATA TRANSFER PAUSE (HOLD)
The HOLD input pin pauses the data transfer,
allowing the host to service higher-priority inter-
rupts. Once the device is selected and serial
communication between the controller and the
device is under way, a high to low transition on
HOLD while SCK is low freezes the serial com-
munication. Transitions on the SI and SCK pins
are ignored, and the SO pin is at high imped-
ance. To resume the serial communication,
HOLD is set high while SCK is low. The serial
sequence restarts from where it had stopped with
no loss of continuity. HOLD should always be
high during normal operation.
WRITE PROTECT (WP)
The WP input pin controls the status register write
protect feature. For normal read and write op-
erations, the WP pin is held high. When the WP
pin is low and the WPEN bit in the status register
is "1", all write operations to the status register
are inhibited. The WP pin function is blocked
when the WPEN bit is "0". This feature allows a
user to install the Turbo IC 25C256 into a system
with the WP pin tied to ground and still be able to
program the status register. The WP pin func-
tion will then be enabled when the WPEN bit is
set to "1".
SERIAL DATA INPUT (SI)
The SI input pin accepts all opcodes, addresses,
and write data to be input into the Turbo IC
25C256. The data is latched on the rising edge
of the serial clock.
PIN DESCRIPTION
CHIP SELECT (CS)
The CS input pin selects the Turbo IC 25C256.
A high to low transition on CS selects the Turbo
IC 25C256, and keeping CS low keeps the de-
vice activated. When CS is brought high, the
Turbo IC 25C256 is deselected and the serial
output pin (SO) is at high impedance.
SERIAL DATA OUTPUT (SO)
The serial output pin is a push-pull serial data
output. During read, the data is shifted out onto
SO on the falling edge of the serial clock.
1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
CS
SO
WP
GND
VCC
HOLD
SCK
SI
8 pin PDIP
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
CS
SO
WP
GND
VCC
HOLD
SCK
SI
8 pin SOIC
25C256
PRELIMINARY INFORMATION
Turbo IC, Inc.
DEVICE OPERATION
The Turbo IC 25C256 has an 8-bit instruction register and an
8-bit status register. The instruction register stores one of the
operation codes defined in Table 1.
Table 1. Operation Codes
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Instruction
Operation
Operation
Name
Code
Description
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
WREN
00000110
Set Write Enable Latch
WRDI
00000100
Reset Write Enable Latch
RDSR
00000101
Read Status Register
WRSR
00000001
Write Status Register
READ
00000011
Read Data from Memory Array
WRITE
00000010
Write Data to Memory Array
In SPI bus convention, the master provides the serial clock
and initiates the data transfer. The Turbo IC 25C256 are the slave
devices in all applications. The master selects the Turbo IC 25C256
by pulling CS of the device low. Once the device is active, the
master sends the operation code into the instruction register.
The write enable latch is cleared upon power up and at the
end of the write cycle of a write instruction. Therefore, the
WREN instruction precedes all write instructions because the
write enable latch must be set before a write can be executed.
The WRDI instruction is used to clear the write enable latch
through software.
The status register gives the current operation status of the
Turbo IC 25C256. The contents of the status register is given in
Table 2.
Table 2 Status Register Contents
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bit 7 Bit 6
Bit 5
Bit 4
Bit 3
Bit 2
Bit 1
Bit 0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
WPEN X X X
BP1
BP0
WEN
BSY
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2
25C256
PRELIMINARY INFORMATION
Turbo IC, Inc.
Where, WPEN is the write protect enable bit. Setting WPEN to a
"1" enables the hardware write protect, and a "0"
disables the hardware write protect. This bit is
non-volatile and is programmed by the WRSR instruction.
This bit works in conjunction with the the Write
Protect (WP) pin to control the hardware write protect
feature. Hardware write protection is enabled when
the WP pin is low and the WPEN bit is "1". Hardware
write protection is disabled when either the WP pin
is high or the WPEN bit is "0". When the hardware
write protection is on, only the writes to the
the non-volatile bits (WPEN, BP1, BP0) are disabled.
It is noted that the write enable latch must also
be set before the non-volatile bits can be programmed.
Bits[6:4] are "0" except when the status register is being
programmed. These bits are read-only.
BP[1:0] are the block write protect bits. These bits
specifies which blocks in the memory array are
write protected, as indicated in Table 3. These bits
are non-volatile and are programmed by the WRSR
instruction.
WEN indicates the status of the write enable latch. A "1"
means that the write enable latch is set. A "0" means
that the write enable latch is cleared. This bit
is read-only.
BSY indicates the status of the internal write cyle to the
memory array. A "1" means that the write cycle is in
progress. A "0" means the write cycle has finished
and the device is ready for the next instruction.
This bit is read-only.
Table 3 Block "Write Protect" Assignment
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Status Register Fraction of Array Write Protected Memory Blocks
BP1 BP0 Write Protected
25C256
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
0
0
0
None
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
0
1
1/4
6000-
7FFF
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1
0
1/2
4000-
7FFF
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1
1
All
0000-
7FFF
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
3
The contents of the status register can be read by the RDSR
instruction. The write protect enable bit, the block write
protect bit, the write enable status, and the busy status of
the Turbo IC 25C256 can be found through RDSR. Three bits
of the status register can be altered by the WRSR instruction. The
write protect enable bit can be set to enable the hardware write
protect, and the block write protect bits can be set to control
the number of blocks to be write protected, according to Table 3.
When the status register is being programmed, the RDSR instruction
can be used to check the status of the BSY bit. All the other bits
will read back ones.
VALID DATA AT SI
The selected Turbo IC 25C256 senses the data on the SI pin
at the rising edge of SCK clock.
READ OPERATION
The data in the memory array of the Turbo IC 25C256 can be
read as follows: The master pulls the CS pin of the
Turbo IC 25C256 low, and issues a READ instruction
to the SI pin, which is loaded into the instruction register.
The two address bytes of the memory location to be read are sent
next, which are loaded into the address counter. The two
most significant bits of the address are don't cares. The
data byte in the memory is shifted out onto the SO pin on the
falling edge of SCK. After the data byte is shifted out, the address
counter is incremented by one. The next data byte is shifted
out. The sequential read continues for as long as the master
provides the clock and keeps CS low. When the address
counter reaches the highest address, it rolls over to the zero
address (0). The read is terminated by bringing CS high.
WRITE OPERATION
The write data can be written into the memory array of the
selected Turbo IC 25C256 as follows: The master pulls the CS pin
of the selected Turbo IC 25C256 low, and issues a WREN
instruction to the SI pin, which is loaded into the instruction
register. Then the master brings CS high to set the WREN latch. The master
pulls the CS pin low, and issues the WRITE instruction to the SI
pin, which is loaded into the instruction register. The two address
bytes of the memory location to be written are sent next, which
are loaded into the address counter. The first most significant bits
of the address is a don't care. The data byte to be written is
sent next. The data byte is stored in a data byte latch.
The address counter is incremented by one after the
data byte is shifted in. Up to 64 data bytes can be sent before
a write cycle is necessary. To start the internal write cycle, the
CS must be brought high after the least significant bit (D0)
of the last data byte has been loaded. If CS is brought high
at any other time, the write cycle will not start.
25C256
Turbo IC, Inc.
4
PRELIMINARY INFORMATION
25C256
Turbo IC, Inc.
To check whether the write programming has finished, the
master pulls CS low, and issues the RDSR instruction. The contents
of the status register is shifted out onto the SO pin. The BSY
bit can be checked. If BSY is "1", the write programming is still
in progress. If BSY is "0", the write programming has finished.
At the end of the write cycle, the WREN latch is automatically
reset.
INQUIRY
Please Contact :
Turbo IC, Inc., U.S.A.
Phone : 408-324-0288
Fax : 408-324-0289
5
PRELIMINARY INFORMATION
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