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Datasheet: 4702DA (Advanced Linear Devices)

QUAD 5V RAIL-TO-RAIL PRECISION OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER

 

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Advanced Linear Devices
A
DVANCED
L
INEAR
D
EVICES,
I
NC.
ALD4702A/ALD4702B
ALD4702
QUAD 5V RAIL-TO-RAIL PRECISION OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER
FEATURES
Rail-to-rail input and output voltage ranges
Symmetrical push-pull class AB output drivers
All parameters specified for +5V single supply
or
2.5V dual supply systems
Inputs can extend beyond supply rails by 300mV
Outputs settle to 2mV of supply rails
High load capacitance capability up to 4000pF
No frequency compensation required --
unity gain stable
Extremely low input bias currents --
1.0pA typical
Ideal for high source impedance applications
Dual power supply
2.5V to
5.0V operation
Single power supply +5V to +12V operation
High voltage gain-typically 85V/mV @
2.5V
and 250V/mV @
5.0V
Drive as low as 2K
load with 5mA drive current
Output short circuit protected
Unity gain bandwidth of 1.5MHz
Slew rate of 1.9V/
s
Low power dissipation
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The ALD4702 is a quad monolithic precision CMOS rail-to-rail
operational amplifier intended for a broad range of analog applications
using
2.5V to
6V dual power supply systems, as well as +4V to
+12V battery operated systems. All device characteristics are
specified for +5V single supply or
2.5V dual supply systems. Total
supply current for four operational amplifiers is 6mA maximum at 5V
supply voltage. It is manufactured with Advanced Linear Devices'
enhanced ACMOS silicon gate CMOS process.
The ALD4702 is designed to offer a trade-off of performance
parameters providing a wide range of desired specifications. It offers
the popular industry pin configuration of LM324 and ICL7641 types.
The ALD4702 has been developed specifically with the +5V single
supply or
2.5V dual supply user. Several important characteristics
of the device make many applications easy to implement for these
supply voltages. First, the operational amplifier can operate with rail
to rail input and output voltages. This feature allows numerous
analog serial stages to be implemented without losing operating
voltage margin. Secondly, the device was designed to accommodate
mixed applications where digital and analog circuits may work off the
same 5V power supply. Thirdly, the output stage can drive up to
400pF capacitive and 5K
resistive loads in non-inverting unity gain
connection and double the capacitance in the inverting unity gain
mode.
These features, coupled with extremely low input currents, high
voltage gain, useful bandwidth of 1.5MHz, a slew rate of 2.1V/
s, low
power dissipation, low offset voltage and temperature drift, make the
ALD4702 a truly versatile, user friendly, operational amplifier.
The ALD4702 is designed and fabricated with silicon gate CMOS
technology, and offers 1pA typical input bias current. On-chip offset
voltage trimming allows the device to be used without nulling in most
applications. The device offers typical offset drift of less than 7
V/
C which eliminates many trim or temperature compensation circuits.
For precision applications, the ALD4702 is designed to settle to
0.01% in 8
s.
APPLICATIONS
Voltage amplifier
Voltage follower/buffer
Charge integrator
Photodiode amplifier
Data acquisition systems
High performance portable instruments
Signal conditioning circuits
Sensor and transducer amplifiers
Low leakage amplifiers
Active filters
Sample/Hold amplifier
Picoammeter
Current to voltage convert
Coaxial cable driver
ORDERING INFORMATION
Operating Temperature Range*
-55
C to +125
C
0
C to +70
C
0
C to +70
C
14-Pin
14-Pin
14-Pin
CERDIP
Small Outline
Plastic Dip
Package
Package (SOIC)
Package
ALD4702A DB
ALD4702A SB
ALD4702A PB
ALD4702B DB
ALD4702B SB
ALD4702B PB
ALD4702 DB
ALD4702 SB
ALD4702 PB
* Contact factory for industrial temperature range
PIN CONFIGURATION
DB, PB, SB Package
OUT D
-IN D
+IN D
V-
+IN C
-IN C
OUT C
OUT A
-IN A
+IN A
V+
+IN B
-IN B
OUT B
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
1998 Advanced Linear Devices, Inc. 415 Tasman Drive, Sunnyvale, California 94089 -1706 Tel: (408) 747-1155 Fax: (408) 747-1286 http://www.aldinc.com
ALD4702A/ALD4702B
Advanced Linear Devices
2
ALD4702
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Supply voltage, V
+
referenced to V
-
-0.3V to V++13.2V
Supply voltage, V
S
referenced to V
-
6.6V
Differential input voltage range
-0.3V to V+
+0.3V
Power dissipation
600 mW
Operating temperature range PB, SB package
0
C to +70
C
DB package
-55
C to +125
C
Storage temperature range
-65
C to +150
C
Lead temperature, 10 seconds
+260
C
Supply
V
S
2.0
6.0
2.0
6.0
2.0
6.0
V
Dual Supply
Voltage
V
+
4.0
12.0
4.0
12.0
4.0
12.0
V
Single Supply
Input Offset
V
OS
1.0
2.0
5.0
mV
R
S
100K
Voltage
2.0
3.5
6.5
mV
0
C
T
A
+70
C
Input Offset
I
OS
1.0
25
1.0
25
1.0
25
pA
T
A
= 25
C
Current
240
240
240
pA
0
C
T
A
+70
C
Input Bias
I
B
1.0
30
1.0
30
1.0
30
pA
T
A
= 25
C
Current
300
300
300
pA
0
C
T
A
+70
C
Input Voltage
V
IR
-0.3
5.3
-0.3
5.3
-0.3
5.3
V
V
+
= +5V
Range
-2.8
+2.8
-2.8
+2.8
-2.8
+2.8
V
V
S
=
2.5V
Input
R
IN
10
12
10
12
10
12
Resistance
Input Offset
TCV
OS
7
7
7
V/
C
R
S
100K
Voltage Drift
Power Supply
PSRR
65
83
65
83
60
83
dB
R
S
100K
Rejection Ratio
65
83
65
83
60
83
0
C
T
A
+70
C
Common Mode
CMRR
65
83
65
83
60
83
dB
R
S
100K
Rejection Ratio
65
83
65
83
60
83
0
C
T
A
+70
C
Large Signal
A
V
15
28
15
28
12
28
V/mV
R
L
= 10K
Voltage Gain
100
100
100
V/mV
R
L
1M
Output
V
O
low
0.002
0.01
0.002
0.01
0.002
0.01
V
R
L
= 1M
Single supply
Voltage
V
O
high
4.99
4.998
4.99 4.998
4.99 4.998
0
C
T
A
+70
C
Range
V
O
low
-2.44
-2.40
-2.44 -2.40
-2.44 -2.40
V
R
L
= 10K
Dual supply
V
O
high
2.40
2.44
2.40
2.44
2.40
2.44
0
C
T
A
+70
C
Output Short
I
SC
8
8
8
mA
Circuit Current
Supply
I
S
4.0
6.0
4.0
6.0
4.0
6.0
mA
V
IN
= 0V No Load
Current
Power
P
D
20
30
20
30
20
30
mW
V
S
=
2.5V
Dissipation
All four amplifiers
Input
C
IN
1
1
1
pF
Capacitance
Bandwidth
B
W
0.7
1.5
0.7
1.5
0.7
1.5
MHz
Slew Rate
S
R
1.1
1.9
1.1
1.9
1.1
1.9
V/
s
A
V
= +1 R
L
= 10K
Rise time
t
r
0.2
0.2
0.2
s
R
L
= 10K
Overshoot
10
10
10
%
R
L
= 10K
C
L
= 100pF
Factor
OPERATING ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
T
A
= 25
C V
S
=
2.5V unless otherwise specified
4702A 4702B 4702
Parameter
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Test Conditions
ALD4702A/ALD4702B
Advanced Linear Devices
3
ALD4702
Input Offset
V
OS
2.0
4.0
7.0
mV
R
S
100K
Voltage
Input Offset
I
OS
8.0
8.0
8.0
nA
Current
Input Bias
I
B
10.0
10.0
10.0
nA
Current
Power Supply
PSRR
60
75
60
75
60
75
dB
R
S
100K
Rejection Ratio
Common Mode
CMRR
60
83
60
83
60
83
dB
R
S
100K
Rejection Ratio
Large Signal
A
V
10
25
10
25
7
25
V/mV
A
V
= +1
Voltage Gain
R
L
10K
Output Voltage
V
O
low
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.2
V
R
L
10K
Range
V
O
high
4.8
4.9
4.8
4.9
4.8
4.9
V
S
= +5.0V -55
C
T
A
+125
C unless otherwise specified
4702A DA
4702B DA
4702 DA
Parameter
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Test Conditions
Maximum Load
C
L
400
400
400
pF
Gain = 1
Capacitance
4000
4000
4000
pF
Gain = 5
Input Noise
e
n
26
26
26
nV/
Hz
f = 1KHz
Voltage
Input Current
Noise
i
n
0.6
0.6
0.6
fA/
Hz
f = 10Hz
Settling
t
s
8.0
8.0
8.0
s
0.01%
Time
3.0
3.0
3.0
s
0.1% A
V
= -1
R
L
= 5K
C
L
= 50pF
OPERATING ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (cont'd)
T
A
= 25
C V
S
=
2.5V unless otherwise specified
4702A
4702B
4702
Parameter
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Uni
Test Conditions
Power Supply
PSRR
83
83
83
dB
R
S
100K
Rejection Ratio
Common Mode
CMRR
83
83
83
dB
R
S
100K
Rejection Ratio
Large Signal
A
V
250
250
250
V/mV
R
L
= 10K
Voltage Gain
Output Voltage
V
O
low
-4.90
-4.8
-4.90
-4.8
-4.90
-4.8
V
R
L
= 10K
Range
V
O
high
4.8
4.93
4.8
4.93
4.8
4.93
Bandwidth
B
W
1.7
1.7
1.7
MHz
Slew Rate
S
R
2.8
2.8
2.8
V/
s
A
V
= +1
C
L
= 50pF
T
A
= 25
C V
S
=
5.0V unless otherwise specified
4702A
4702B
4702
Parameter
Symbol
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Min
Typ
Max
Unit
Test Conditions
ALD4702A/ALD4702B
Advanced Linear Devices
4
ALD4702
Design & Operating Notes:
1. The ALD4702 CMOS operational amplifier uses a 3 gain stage
architecture and an improved frequency compensation scheme to
achieve large voltage gain, high output driving capability, and better
frequency stability. The ALD4702 is internally compensated for unity
gain stability using a novel scheme. This design produces a clean
single pole roll off in the gain characteristics while providing for more
than 70 degrees of phase margin at the unity gain frequency. A unity
gain buffer using the ALD4702 will typically drive 400pF of external
load capacitance without stability problems. In the inverting unity gain
configuration, it can drive up to 800pF of load capacitance. Compared
to other CMOS operational amplifiers, the ALD4702 is much more
resistant to parasitic oscillations.
2. The ALD4702 has complementary p-channel and n-channel input
differential stages connected in parallel to accomplish rail-to-rail input
common mode voltage range. With the common mode input voltage
close to the power supplies, one of the two differential stages is
switched off internally. To maintain compatibility with other opera-
tional amplifiers, this switching point has been selected to be about
1.5V above the negative supply voltage. As offset voltage trimming on
the ALD4702 is made when the input voltage is symmetrical to the
supply voltages, this internal switching does not affect a large variety
of applications such as an inverting amplifier or non-inverting amplifier
with a gain greater than 2.5 (5V operation), where the common mode
voltage does not make excursions below this switching point.
3. The input bias and offset currents are essentially input protection diode
reverse bias leakage currents, and are typically less than 1pA at
room temperature. This low input bias current assures that the
analog signal from the source will not be distorted by input bias
currents. For applications where source impedance is very high,
it may be necessary to limit noise and hum pickup through proper
shielding.
4. The output stage consists of class AB complementary output
drivers, capable of driving a low resistance load. The output
voltage swing is limited by the drain to source on-resistance of the
output transistors as determined by the bias circuitry, and the
value of the load resistor when connected. In the voltage follower
configuration, the oscillation resistant feature, combined with the
rail to rail input and output feature, makes the ALD4702 an
effective analog signal buffer for medium to high source imped-
ance sensors, transducers, and other circuit networks.
5. The ALD4702 operational amplifier has been designed with static
discharge protection. Internally, the design has been carefully
implemented to minimize latch up. However, care must be
exercised when handling the device to avoid strong static fields.
In using the operational amplifier, the user is advised to power up
the circuit before, or simultaneously with, any input voltages
applied and to limit input voltages to not exceed 0.3V of the power
supply voltage levels. Alternatively, a 100K
or higher value
resistor at the input terminals will limit input currents to acceptable
levels while causing very small or negligible accuracy effects.
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
INPUT BIAS CURRENT AS A FUNCTION
OF AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (
C)
1000
100
10
0.1
1.0
INPUT BIAS CURRENT (pA)
100
-25
0
75
125
50
25
-50
V
S
=
2.5V
10000
OPEN LOOP VOLTAGE GAIN AS A FUNCTION
OF SUPPLY VOLTAGE AND TEMPERATURE
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
1000
100
10
1
OPEN LOOP VOLTAGE
GAIN (V/mV)
0
2
4
6
R
L
= 10K
R
L
= 5K
} -55
C
} +25
C
} +125
C
8
SUPPLY CURRENT AS A FUNCTION
OF SUPPLY VOLTAGE
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
SUPPLY CURRENT (mA)
12
10
8
6
2
4
0
6
5
4
3
1
2
INPUTS GROUNDED
OUTPUTS UNLOADED
T
A
= -55
C
-25
C
+80
C
+125
C
+25
C
COMMON MODE INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE
AS A FUNCTION OF SUPPLY VOLTAGE
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
COMMON MODE INPUT
VOLTAGE RANGE (V
)
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
T
A
= 25
C
ALD4702A/ALD4702B
Advanced Linear Devices
5
ALD4702
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
LARGE - SIGNAL TRANSIENT
RESPONSE
5V/div
1V/div
2
s/div
V
S
=
2.5V
T
A
= 25
C
R
L
= 10K
C
L
= 50pF
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE AS A FUNCTION
OF AMBIENT TEMPERATURE
REPRESENTATIVE UNITS
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE (
C)
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (mV)
-50
-25
0
+25
+50
+75
+100 +125
+4
+5
+3
+1
+2
0
-2
-1
-4
-3
-5
V
S
=
2.5V
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE AS A FUNCTION
OF COMMON MODE INPUT VOLTAGE
COMMON MODE INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
-2
-1
0
+1
+2
+3
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (mV)
V
S
=
2.5V
T
A
= 25
C
OPEN LOOP VOLTAGE GAIN AS A
FUNCTION OF LOAD RESISTANCE
LOAD RESISTANCE (
)
1K
10K
1000K
100K
1000
100
10
1
OPEN LOOP VOLTAGE GAIN (V/mV)
V
S
=
2.5V
T
A
= 25
C
SMALL - SIGNAL TRANSIENT
RESPONSE
100 mV/div
20 mV/div
V
S
=
2.5V
T
A
= 25
C
R
L
= 10K
C
L
= 50pF
2
s/div
OPEN LOOP VOLTAGE GAIN AS
A FUNCTION OF FREQUENCY
FREQUENCY (Hz)
1
10
100
1K
10K
1M
10M
100K
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
-20
OPEN LOOP VOLTAGE
GAIN (dB)
V
S
=
2.5V
T
A
= 25
C
90
0
45
180
135
PHASE SHIFT IN DEGREES
VOLTAGE NOISE DENSITY AS A
FUNCTION OF FREQUENCY
FREQUENCY (Hz)
10
100
1K
10K
100K
150
125
100
75
50
25
0
1000K
VOLTAGE NOISE DENSITY
(nV/
Hz)
V
S
=
2.5V
T
A
= 25
C
RL = 10K
OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING AS A
FUNCTION OF SUPPLY VOLTAGE
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)
OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (V)
3
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
R
L
= 2K
6
5
4
2
7
25
C
T
A
125
C
R
L
= 10K
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